Anxiety, as defined by the American Psychological Association (APA) is an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts, and physical changes like increased blood pressure.

People with anxiety disorders usually have recurring intrusive thoughts or concerns and may avoid certain situations out of worry. They may also suffer from physical symptoms such as sweating, trembling, dizziness, or a rapid heartbeat.

Everyone feels anxious now and then. For example, you may worry when faced with a problem at work, before taking a test, or before making an important decision. Occasional anxiety is normal, but anxiety disorders are a completely different ball game altogether – they are a group of mental disorders that cause overwhelming anxiety and fear, which can make daily life difficult. Excessive anxiety can cause one to avoid work, school, family get-togethers, and other social situations that might trigger or worsen symptoms.

Anxiety Disorder Symptoms

The main symptom of anxiety disorders is excessive fear or worry. Anxiety disorders can also make it hard to breathe, sleep, stay still, and concentrate.  Your specific symptoms depend on the type of anxiety disorder you have. Common symptoms are:

-Panic, fear, and uneasiness

-Feelings of panic, doom, or danger

-Sleep problems

-Not being able to stay calm and still

-Cold, sweaty, numb, or tingling hands or feet

-Shortness of breath

-Breathing faster and more quickly than normal (hyperventilation)

-Heart palpitations

-Dry mouth

-Nausea

-Tense muscles

-Dizziness

-Thinking about a problem over and over again and unable to stop (rumination)

-Inability to concentrate

-Intensely or obsessively avoiding feared objects or places

In conventional medicine, anxiety disorders have been classified into many types, such as:

Generalized anxiety disorder: Where you feel excessive, unrealistic worry and tension for no real rational reason.

Panic disorder: You feel sudden, intense fear that brings on a panic attack. You may break out in a sweat, have chest pain, and have a pounding heartbeat (palpitations). Sometimes you may feel like you are choking or having a heart attack.

Social anxiety disorder: Also called social phobia, this is when you feel overwhelming worry and self-consciousness about everyday social situations. You obsessively worry about others judging you or being embarrassed or ridiculed.

Specific phobias: You feel intense fear of a specific object or situation, such as heights or flying. The fear goes beyond what’s appropriate and may cause you to avoid ordinary situations.

Agoraphobia: You have an intense fear of being in a place where it seems hard to escape or get help if an emergency occurs. For example, you may panic or feel anxious when on an airplane, public transportation, inside an elevator, etc. 

Separation anxiety: Little kids aren’t the only ones who feel scared or anxious when a loved one leaves. Anyone can get separation anxiety disorder. If you do, you’ll feel very anxious or fearful when a person you’re close with leaves your sight.

The causes for anxiety disorders are many and can include:

A history of mental health disorder: Having another mental health disorder, like depression, raises your risk for anxiety disorder.

Childhood sexual abuse: Emotional, physical, and sexual abuse or neglect during childhood is linked to anxiety disorders later in life.

Emotional or physical trauma: Living through a traumatic event increases the risk of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which can cause panic attacks.

Negative life events: Stressful or negative life events, like losing a parent in early childhood, increase your risk for anxiety disorder. 

Severe illness or chronic health condition: Constant worry about your health or the health of a loved one, or caring for someone who is sick, can cause you to feel overwhelmed and anxious.

Substance abuse: The use of alcohol and illegal drugs makes you more likely to get an anxiety disorder. Some people also use these substances to hide or ease anxiety symptoms.

Low self-esteem: Negative perceptions about yourself may lead to social anxiety disorder.

Allopathic medications aren’t always the best means to address anxiety disorders. Natural treatments, such as the Bach flower remedies, can be effective in treating and helping to manage Anxiety Disorders. Below are a list of the Bach flower remedies that may be used for any sort of anxiety problems:

Rock Rose: This remedy is especially helpful when you experience acute panic attacks, such as terror or fright, which makes you feel frozen and unable to move or think clearly. It is used during any emotional emergency, such as when in an accident, in the midst of a terrorist attack, while hearing very bad news, etc. In short, this is the remedy for panic attacks.

Mimulus: This remedy helps when you feel fear that you can put a name on, such as fear of dogs, spiders, snakes, being alone, losing a job, illness, etc. It is also a remedy for shyness and nervousness.

Cherry Plum: This is the remedy for those who fear losing control of their thoughts & actions and for a deep sense of fear that they might do something against their own will. This is a good remedy for mania and a loss of emotional control.

Aspen: This is a terrific remedy for unconscious anxieties when one is always scared and fearful but does not know what of. The fear experienced is vague and unexplainable and may haunt the person day or night. It is especially good for a fear of the dark.

Red Chestnut: This remedy is to be used when you find it difficult not to be anxious for other people, especially loved ones, and are afraid that some unfortunate things may happen to them.